The LeyLine Protocol: A Energy and Memory Efficient Routing Protocol for IOT devices


We propose a layer 3 protocol that makes the use of ley-lines in order to ensure that the state that is required to be stored for routing is constant in nodes in a wireless sensor networks. These nodes are known to be resource constrained in terms of memory and energy so existing routing protocols are insufficient since they exhibit linear or polynomial growth in their routing tables. The LeyLine protocol in its simplest form will require that these nodes maintain only two routing entries, the previous and the next node on the line. The resulting stretch from storing such a limited amount of entries will be O(N), however, the protocol allows for additional entries to be stored in the forwarding tables. These skip entries ensures that a suitable tradeoff is achieved between routing state and stretch resulting in optimal energy consumption.

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